Directorate Of Wheat Research

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Directorate of Wheat Research, Delhi was established in 1965 as All India Co-ordinated Wheat Improvement Project (AICWIP) by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research. It was raised to the level of Directorate of Wheat Research (DWR) in 1978. It was then detached from IARI and shifted to its present location at Karnal in 1990.DWR has a mission of increasing the productivity and profitability of wheat and barley production on an economically sustainable basis.


As per a mandate from the Government, the DWR has the function of evolving, organizing, coordinating and monitoring the growth of wheat and barley, which will be tolerant to both biotic and abiotic stresses. It also has to develop proper techniques and procedures for production of wheat. Detecting various pathogens and devising methods for their prevention is also a function of the DWR. It also has to establish various national and international collaborations for improving the productivity of wheat and barley. It has to act as a center for data collection, analysis and management. The DWR also has to organize breeder seed programs and technology activities.


Areas of Focus of DWR:

Crop Improvement:

  • Organize and monitor trials/nurseries for different production conditions
  • Combine short duration, adaptation, blight resistance, heat tolerance for late planting
  • Pre breeding aided with related species for yield components, quality traits, biotic and abiotic stresses
  • Organize and produce breeder seed of recommended varieties Improve barley and durum for domestic and industrial usage
  • Marker aided selection for crop improvement
  • Generate new variability through transgenics
Resource Management :
  • Increase Productivity through optimization of resources (soil, water and inputs)
  • Sustain productivity advances under intensive agriculture
  • Water use efficiency and weed control

Crop protection and health:

  • Identify new sources of resistance and their correct incorporations
  • Management of leaf blight and soil borne pathogens and diseases
  • Conduct surveillance on major diseases/pests
  • Map the dynamics of wheat rust virulence
  • Integrated Pest Management under wheat based cropping systems
Quality and Basic Sciences:
  • Improve the domestic quality attributes of bread wheat and durum wheat
  • Incorporate the industrial quality in bread wheat
  • Study the occurrence and management of yellow berry in durum
Statistics and
Statistics and social sciences:
  • Understand the factors influencing production, marketing and trade
  • Effective communication for reducing the yield gap
  • Create and analyze data/information base

Wheat Research Centers under DWR:
The Research centers under DWR are located in the following Zones comprising the following states:

Northern Hill Zone Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kahsmir, Uttarkhand
North Western Plain Zones Delhi, Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, Uttarpradesh
North Eastern Plains Zone Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Manipur
Peninsular Zone Karnataka, Maharashtra
Southern Hill Zone Tamil  Nadu
Barely Network Centres under DWR
Sponsored Centres Rajasthan, Haryana, Uttarpradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh
Voluntary Centres Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Karnatka,
Few Ongoing Projects of DWR:


  • Multilocational and multidisciplinary research program on wheat improvement.
  • Sustainability of the wheat based cropping system
  • Impact of tillage, nutrition, crop sequence on sustainability of rice-wheat system.
  • Evaluation & development of genotypes for tillage interaction, temperature tolerance with cropping system perspective
  • Breeding for leaf blight resistance in wheat under high temperature and high humidity conditions for NEPZ.
  • Breeding for leaf rust resistance in wheat.
  • Development of Hybrid Wheat .
  • Enrichment of genetic variability and widening genetic base of wheat materials through winter X spring hybridization
  • Evaluation, maintenance and documentation of wheat and barley germplasm.

Contact Address OF DWR:
Directorate of Wheat Research
(Indian Council of Agricultural Research)
Agrasain Marg, PO Box 158, Karnal-132 001
Phone: (0184) 271830, 252390 Fax:           (0184) 251390
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